Aiming to establish and strengthen public policies for sustainable development, especially as a result of the global crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic, which highlighted the integration between global ecosystems and reinforced the importance of alignment between public and private sector entities to ensure the effectiveness of development and preservation actions, the Government of the State of Rio de Janeiro launched, on November 24, 2011, Rio2030. It is a global call to action and society's engagement in accelerating the implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda and establishing a culture of sustainability.
In 2022, it will be 30 years since Rio de Janeiro hosted the "United Nations Conference on the Environment", Rio 92, a historic milestone that culminated in the signing, among other documents, of the "Rio Declaration on the Environment", by through which the signatory countries agreed to promote sustainable development in their government agendas, considering environmental protection and ecological balance as fundamental parts of this process.
Twenty years after Rio 92, at the Rio+20 Conference, countries met again in Rio de Janeiro to renew their global commitments to seek a model of economic development whose exploitation of natural resources respects the time of ecosystem regeneration. The Rio+20 Conference laid the foundations for a comprehensive and transparent intergovernmental process, resulting in the launch of the 2030 Agenda in September 2015, a global-scale action plan containing 17 sustainable development goals and 169 associated goals, to help governments in the transition to a circular economic model, with a focus on human dignity and environmental conservation.
Then, in 2016, the New Urban Agenda (A/RES/71/256*) was agreed, resulting from the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development, known as Habitat III, which defined global standards for achieving urban development. sustainable development, rethinking the way to build, manage and live in cities. In this context, the Integrated Urban Development Plan for the Metropolitan Region of RJ – PEDUI, managed by the Rio Metrópole Institute, has the Sustainable Metropolis Program, which provides for 27 actions to consolidate the sustainable development of the metropolitan region around the Guanabara Bay.
As the last decade approaches the 2030 Agenda, in September 2019 the United Nations launched the "Decade of Action" to accelerate the global fulfillment of the 2030 Agenda. The Government of the State of Rio de Janeiro became a signatory to the Global Compact also in 2019, committing to the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals. We have moved from the planning phase to the action phase.
In order to strengthen a proactive process of concrete action in relation to the 2030 Agenda and the implementation of sustainable development, the Government of the State of Rio de Janeiro internally instituted, in June 2021, a Special Executive Committee to plan actions, seminars, conferences and projects, due to the 30 years of Rio 92 (Decree nº 47.649/2021), and, in August of the same year, through Decree nº 47.727/2021, the Sustainable Development Authority, with the main objective of organizing initiatives, milestones of reference and events engaging the different actors of society in attention to the 30 years of Rio-92 and its developments.
Still within the scope of the State of Rio de Janeiro, 2021 marked another fundamental step in the organization of the public policy ecosystem for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, with the creation of the State Commission for the Monitoring of Sustainable Development Goals - ODS, through the promotion of articulation, mobilization and dialogue of state and municipal bodies and entities, the business sector and organized civil society, as well as the dissemination and transparency of the 2030 Agenda implementation process, pursuant to Decree No. 47,828, of November 11, 2021.
Therefore, considering the urgency of establishing public management focused on citizenship and sustainability, inspired by the objectives of the UN 2030 Agenda, as well as the need to engage all sectors of society for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, the Government of The State of Rio de Janeiro launched, on November 24, 2021, the year 2022 as the International Year of Sustainable Development (Decree No. for sustainability by engaging society in a global platform for the integration of different actors in the sharing of knowledge, technologies and projects, based on the motto: “It's Time to Act”.
The implementation of the 2030 Agenda at the local, regional and global levels will result in a fairer society and a more sustainable economy, with the adoption of a socioeconomic model that dialogues with the preservation and enhancement of its natural resources and social inclusion, as well as the implementation of cities as providers of sustainability and full citizenship. Therefore, the 2030 Agenda, with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals, becomes a fundamental tool for integrating and enhancing actions.